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Treating allergic rhinitis

Treating allergic rhinitis

Małgorzata Kruk (MPharm)

 Rhinitis is very frequently a symptom of an infection of the upper respiratory tract. It may also mean an allergy, namely the body’s hypersensitivity reaction to an allergic factor (the allergen). Rhinitis accompanying an allergy is most often persistent and watery. Combined with burning, redness and lachrymation of the eyes (eye watering), it can become a difficult condition to bear.

If you suspect you have allergic rhinitis, consult a physician in the first place. The physician will diagnose the disease properly and help determine the cause of the allergy. As a result, it will be easier for you to eliminate the allergen from your environment.
In order to temporarily relieve allergic rhinitis, you can use over the counter lozenges containing:
loratadine,
desloratadine,
cetirizine,
The above are all substances which inhibit allergic reactions by blocking H1 histamine receptors responsible for hypersensitivity reactions.


Lozenges with pseudoephedrine and drops containing xylometazoline or oxymetazoline will also help treat allergic rhinitis. The active substances contained in the medications will quickly and effectively reduce the permeability of the fine blood vessels in the nasal mucous membrane and inhibit the formation of watery exudation. As a result, you will feel relief within a short time. Remember that medications with xylometazoline and oxymetazoline are intended for short-term treatment of allergic rhinitis (up to 4 days), due to the risk of a chronic inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane.

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This information is provided for your reference only and it is not to be relied upon on its own as instructions for use of this medication. It is not a replacement for and should only be used in conjunction with full consultation with a licensed healthcare professional, the information provided by your pharmacist and the manufacturer of the medication. It may not contain all the available information you require and cannot substitute professional medical care, nor does it take into account all individual circumstances. Other than liability for death or personal injury arising out of our negligence, we shall not be held responsible or liable for any claims or damages arising from the use or misuse of the information contained herein, its contents or omissions, or otherwise.

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