If you notice you have a chronic, persistent cough for at least 3 months a year and it is accompanied by the expectoration of secretion and phlegm, it may mean that you suffer from chronic bronchitis.
A wet cough is not the only symptom of the disease. When you suffer from chronic bronchitis you may also feel weakness, difficulties in breathing and lethargy. »
Bronchitis is a disease of the lower respiratory tract, most often caused by viruses. As a result of a viral infection, the cilium epithelium lining the respiratory tracts becomes damaged. This increases the risk of a bacterial superinfection, the development of the condition and may lead to complications. »
Acute and chronic bronchitis are serious diseases of the lower respiratory tract, requiring proper treatment. They mainly differ in the duration of the symptoms, partially in the treatment method but the prevention of these diseases is very similar.
If you want to effectively protect yourself against bronchitis, you should: »
stop smoking, also try to avoid passive smoking– smoking increases the risk of bronchitis,
effectively treat the symptoms of even a regular common cold – a seemingly harmless infection of the upper respiratory tract (cough, rhinitis, sore throat), when not fully treated may result in bronchitis,
avoid contact with smoke, dust,
if possible, avoid staying among large groups of people in seasons of increased incidence,
wash your hands regularly,
make sure you get enough sleep, a balanced diet and do regular exercise outdoors – to strengthen the body’s resistance.
When you suspect you have influenza, it is extremely important to start treatment quickly. Many people wonder why the usual anti-viral medications, which target the causes of disorders, are not commonly used in treating influenza. Instead, multi-component medications for the common cold and influenza are used. »
Rhinitis in children is a harmless but especially onerous trouble which usually accompanies a typical infection of the upper respiratory tract (the common cold).
The basic treatment for rhinitis in children consists of using simple nursing treatments, namely: humidifying the air and removing the mucus gathering in the child's nose (use a nasal aspirator in smaller children). Humidifying the nasal mucous membrane is also important (using a saline solution or sea water in a spray which can be purchased in pharmacies over the counter). »
Rhinitis in newborn babies and infants is a very burdensome complaint which makes free breathing difficult and is the main reason for crying and sleepless nights.
Rhinitis treatments for newborn babies and infants are based on using simple, but relieving nursing procedures, clearing the nasal passages from secretions and making it possible to breath more freely.
In order to remove secretions from a newborn baby or infant’s nose, you can use an aspirator or a nasal rubber bulb. »
Influenza in children, influenza in infants
Influenza is a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract often mistaken for a regular common cold due to similar symptoms.
In infants and children, influenza can manifest itself with: »
a significantly increased body temperature (fever can reach as high as 40°C in a short time),
a feeling of weakness,
a loss of appetite,
a tiring cough,
and even diarrhoea.
Treating influenza in infants and children consists, above all, in alleviating the symptoms of the infection by giving the following medications:
Analgesic and febricide – containing paracetamol or ibuprofen; depending on the age of your child, you can give this medication in the form of suppositories or syrup.
A course of antibiotics is the most effective method of treating pneumonia. The antibiotics kill bacteria, thus, they target the causative agent. Unfortunately, by killing pathogenic bacteria that is responsible for pneumonia, they also kill the beneficial ones, which are located around the gastrointestinal tract. »
Tonsillitis, namely a bacterial inflammation of the tonsils usually manifests itself in children and infants with: strong throat pain, redness of the tonsils, enlargement of the cervical lymph nodes and high fever.
Treating bacterial tonsillitis in infants and children often requires using antibiotics which can be prescribed only by a physician.
In order to temporarily alleviate acute throat pain in children you may use: »
painkillers and anti-fever medication (containing paracetamol or ibuprofen) in the form of suppositories or syrup (depending on the age of your child),
inhalations from a saline solution using a nebulizer,
rinses for the throat (sage brew or common salt solution) and lozenges for the throat – for older children (prior to giving the medication to the child, read the instructions carefully).
Unfortunately throat pain (sore throat) in children and infants is an unpleasant and common situation as the child's immune system is still developing.. It is easy to recognise throat pain even in a very small child – the child cries when eating, makes a grimace when swallowing saliva. »